1900: Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the second black soldier to receive the Medal of Honor. He received the honor 37 years after the July 18, 1863, Battle of Fort Wagner, during which he was wounded several times while saving, planting and retrieving the American flag. Although he was the second black soldier to be so honored, Carney's actions at Fort Wagner actually preceded the medal-winning actions of the first recipient. Freed slave Robert Blake received his Medal of Honor in April 1864 for his heroic efforts on the USS Marblehead while under Confederate attack on Dec. 25, 1863.