2000: A U.S. federal judge issues a preliminary injunction against Napster, Inc. The injunction had been requested by the Recording Industry of Association of America (RIAA). The website was ordered to cease trade in music covered by RIAA member copyrights by midnight July 28, 2000. However, an appeal to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals allowed Napster to remain in operation until the case received a full hearing. Napster would lose the case and receive another injunction in March 2001, before shutting down its entire file-sharing network in July 2001.