George Washington delivers the first State of the Union, Elvis is born, 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins his first U.S. Chess Championships, and a gunman shoots Gabrielle Giffords and 18 others in Arizona, all on this day.
1973: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins. Five defendants immediately pleaded guilty, with E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy, White House operatives who organized and directed the burglaries, eventually being convicted following the trial. The resulting political scandal from the break-in would eventually lead to the resignation of President Richard Nixon on Aug. 9, 1974, the only resignation of a U.S. president.
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