1898: French writer Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing "J'Accuse" an open letter published on Jan. 13, 1898, in the newspaper L'Aurore. In the letter, Zola addressed French President Félix Faure and accused the government of anti-Semitism and the unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus, a French Army officer sentenced to penal servitude for life for espionage. Zola would be found guilty of libel on Feb. 23 and fled to England to avoid imprisonment. He returned home in June 1899 and accepted a pardon. In 1906, Dreyfus was posthumously exonerated by the French Supreme Court.