Mozart and Monet die, the 21st Amendment repealing prohibition is ratified, the Montgomery Bus Boycott begins, and O.J. Simpson heads to prison, all on this day.
1942: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18. The order also lowered the maximum draft age from 45 to 38 and ended voluntary enlistment. The change was made in order to generate up to 200,000 new draftees per month for the remainder of World War II.