Charles Darwin embarks on the HMS Beagle, "Howdy Doody" makes its TV debut, Apollo 8 splashes down after orbiting the Moon, and the Soviet Union occupies Afghanistan, all on this day.
1939: Erzincan, Turkey is hit by an earthquake, killing more than 30,000 people. So extensive was the damage to the city that its old site was entirely abandoned and a new town was founded a little further to the north.
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