1971: The Soviet Union launches Salyut 1, the first space station of any kind. The station was launched by unmanned rocket and received its first crew on June 7, 1971, with the arrival of the Soyuz 11 mission. After the three-man crew of the Soyuz 11 died when the crew capsule depressurized during preparations for re-entry, the Soviet Union suspended Soyuz missions until the spacecraft could be redesigned. Salyut 1 ran out of fuel before a redesigned Soyuz spacecraft could be launched to it and was intentionally destroyed by de-orbiting it after six months in orbit. Pictured is an extremely rare view Salyut 1, as seen from the departing Soyuz 11.