The American Civil War begins, FDR dies, a Soviet cosmonaut becomes the first human to travel into space, and the first space shuttle lifts off, all on this day.
1861: The American Civil War begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, S.C. The Confederate siege came after South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon the fort due to the secession of the state and six other Southern states since December 1860.
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