"The horrific stories we are hearing from Philadelphia of Dr. Gosnell's 'House of Horrors' in which living children were butchered when they survived an attempted abortion illustrate why this legislation is so crucial," Yoest said in a statement after Florida's House of Representatives recently passed such a bill.
Killing a baby is already illegal. And President George W. Bush signed the "born alive" law in 2002 specifically outlawing the killing of babies born after attempted abortions.
Still, 28 states now have their own laws, as well, according to the nonpartisan politifact.com.
Quigley argues that the federal law had "really no teeth" because it did not ensure tough enough penalties.
But abortion rights activists say there's another strategy behind those efforts.
"I think this push for 'born alive' laws is really about the same thing that the campaign against 'partial birth abortion' was about -- to make people equate abortion with infanticide," Arons says.
"What they value more than anything is winning a messaging war," she says.
"The type of abortion where an infant would be delivered, those only happen in hospital settings and they're incredibly rare," Arons argues. "Normally if it's being performed it's because there's a health problem with the mother or the fetus.
"This idea of an infant being born alive in the process of a botched abortion and people not making efforts to resuscitate -- I think that's a myth they like to propagate. It's just not something that really happens."
Anti-abortion rights groups say the Gosnell case serves as a reminder that it does happen.
"Unsuccessful late-term abortions" at the Philadelphia clinic, Quigley says, are causing the country "to revisit this entire idea."
Just how often this happens is unknown. As politifact.com notes, there's no national figure available.
Eighty-eight percent of abortions occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and 1.5% take place after 20 weeks, according to the Guttmacher Institute, which tracks reproductive laws as part of its effort "to advance sexual and reproductive health and rights."
The anti-abortion group Live Action recently released three videos which the group says suggest workers at certain abortion clinics would be willing to kill babies born alive after botched abortions.
The group has been accused of heavily editing videos to make its point. Live Action founder and president Lila Rose dismisses the criticism, saying, "Our agenda is the truth here."
Missed chance for common ground
The irony is that, when it comes to the Women's Medical Society case, the two sides actually agree on central points.
Both say that what former employees have admitted happened was revolting. And that regulations must be in place and enforced to prevent anything similar from happening.
Despite the fever pitch of this political battle, the Gosnell case is really a chance for common ground -- something the grand jury report noted in 2011.
"Let us say right up front that we realize this case will be used by those on both sides of the abortion debate. We ourselves cover a spectrum of personal beliefs about the morality of abortion. For us as a criminal grand jury, however, the case is not about that controversy; it is about disregard of the law and disdain for the lives and health of mothers and infants. We find common ground in exposing what happened here, and in recommending measures to prevent anything like this from ever happening again."