1981: Mehmet Ali A?ca attempts to assassinate Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square at Vatican City, shooting him four times. The Pope suffers severe blood loss but survives after being rushed to the Agostino Gemelli University Polyclinic to undergo emergency surgery. A?ca was apprehended immediately, and later sentenced to life in prison by an Italian court. In June 2000, he was pardoned by Italian president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi at the pope's request and deported to Turkey, where was imprisoned for a murder and two bank raids he committed in the 1970s. A?ca was released from prison in January 2010, after almost 29 years behind bars in Italy and Turkey. Today the location of the shooting is marked by a stone tablet in St. Peter's Square. Pope John Paul II also survived a second assassination attempt on May 12, 1982, one day shy of the one-year anniversary of the first attempt on his life.