The Library of Congress is established, spaceflight claims its first human casualty, the Unabomber kills his last victim, and South Korea clones a puppy, all on this day.
1972: The California Supreme Court in the case of People v. Anderson invalidates the state's death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life imprisonment. It was later overruled by a state constitutional amendment, called Proposition 17. Because of the ruling, Charles Manson avoided execution for the Tate-LaBianca murders in 1969 and Robert Kennedy's assassin Sirhan Sirhan also had his death sentence commuted to life in prison. The ruling also meant that any person ever charged with a murder committed in California before 1972 could not be executed.